Jumat, 28 Juni 2013

Pasif Active dan If Clause


Pasif Active

           Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya melakukan pekerjaan, sebaliknya, Kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat. Active voice lebih sering digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dibandingkan dengan passive voice. Namun demikian, sering kita temukan passive voice di surat-surat kabar, artikel-artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan-tulisan ilmiah. Passive voice digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subject-nya.
Contoh :
1.    Active  : We fertilize the soil every 6 months
    Passive : The soil is fertilized by us every 6 months  
2. Active  : Ayumi eats takoyaki (Ayumi makan takoyaki)
    Passive : Takoyaki is eaten by Ayumi (Takoyaki dimakan Ayumi)
3. Active  : Takeshi meets Shizuka everyday
    Passive : Shizuka is met by Takeshi everyday



IF CLAUSE
If Clause Type I
if + Simple Present, will-Future
Type I indicates what will happen, provided that a certain situation is given.
Examples:
If you send your order by fax, we will deliver the goods immediately.
If you invite me for lunch, I will help you with your presentation.
If anita have more time Anita will clean the toilet.
If Clause Type II
if + Simple Past, would + infinitive
Type II indicates what could happen if a present situation were different.
Examples:
If we had more employees, we would work more efficiently.
If we delivered poor quality, we would not be the leading company in our business.
If they told their father, he would be very angry.
If Clause Type III
if + Past Perfect, would + have + past participle
Type III indicates what could have happened in the past if a situation had been different then.
Examples:
If you had read the paper, you would have seen the advertisement.
If I had taken the bus, I would have been late.
If they hadn’t went to home, they would have found the rain

Sumber:
http://www.ego4u.com/en/business-english/grammar/conditional-sentences
http://khydayme.blogspot.com/2011/04/conditional-sentences-if-clause.html
http://aldianferla.blogspot.com/2013/05/pengertian-rumus-contoh-passive.html http://anniskartika.blogspot.com/2011/03/pengertian-active-dan-passive-voice.ht
http://eiindah.blogspot.com/2013_06_01_archive.html

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